Thursday, 21 November 2013

Coal VS Coral

El Hamraween Port - El Quseir - Red Sea
Photo by/ Ahmed F.Gad - Copyright © 2011
According to statements published recently in local press, the Ministry of Industry plans to transform existing and planned cement plants to rely on coal. It would also expand towards converting energy-intensive industry sectors towards coal. It also intends to run three power plants under construction on coal.

Few weeks ago Minister of Electricity Ahmed Imam said the Cabinet’s Higher Committee for Energy had asked the Environment Ministry to consider the environmental effects of using coal to generate electricity and operate cement factories.

He said the state-run Egyptian Electricity Holding Company, the main government agency responsible for the generation of electricity, had approved three potential locations for the construction of Egypt’s first coal-powered electricity station.

He added that the three locations included Oyoun Moussa, northeast of Egypt, West of Damietta, in the north of the country, and Safaga, in the east. So, there is a plan to involve some of Red Sea ports in this crime.

Port activities can have adverse effects on nearby reefs through spills of bulk cargoes and petrochemicals. Fertilisers, phosphates, manganese, bauxite and coal are often loaded and offloaded using massive mechanical grabs which spill a little of their contents on each haul.
In Jordan, the death of corals was up to four times higher near a port that had frequent phosphate spills compared to control sites. The input of these nutrients inhibits calcification and increases sedimentation. Algal blooms also develop through input of nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorous compounds), limiting light penetration and depleting dissolved oxygen.

This is a crime of great proportions against the Egyptian society's present and future generations.

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